The Kampos (pleinfield) of Chios is a place with such a long great story.
It is a historic settlement in the southeastern part of the island, situated in the passage to the mastic villages. The area occuppies about 20 sq.Km. and is crossed by two rough rivers and a respectful number of streams, while on its western side some rocky hills are there to protect this land and feed it with water.
Due to this geophysical blessing, the area (kampos) is, in fact, an immense fertile plain.
Citrus trees reached Kampos around the 13th century, after the Genoese discovered the fertility of the place. Cultivation was proved to be profitable and thus it began a new period of prosperity that thrived on trade, economy and architecture.
The orchards are surrounded by walls made of a special kind of stone, famous for the uniqueness of its composition and its reddish-brown color, found in the nearby village of Thymiana. The high walls were made in order to protect each farm from the adverse weather conditions.
The residences (the famous ''archontika'') are large impressive buildings with at least two or three floors destined to provide wide view from all sides, which facilitates the full control of the land by the owners.
Common architectural features in the area include arched doors and windows, arched marble columns, small balconies based on outter arches , large internal stairs, spacious courtyards, impressive flower gardens, marble cisterns and ´´manganous´´ which were used for watering the fields using water from the wells.
The entire area of Kampos is covered by innumerable small and pleasant labyrinthine streets, ready to take you on a charming walk between the walls, the majestic gates and the narrow streets.
Walking theese alleys you will only be able to distinguish the tops of the trees and the house roof tops. Only when the gates are opened; then all the beauty sensed uncovers to please your senses.